9 Pug Health Problems
Hello everyone if you’re a pug owner, or thinking of adding a pug to your family, you’ll want to know all about Pug health problems to look out for.
Pugs have become extremely popular however this hasn’t been coupled with an increased awareness about the Pug health problems that we should look out for.
“There are too many owners who mistakenly believe that the grunting, snuffling and wheezing sounds that Pugs often make are endearing traits, rather than warnings of debilitating Pug health problems.”
Veterinary Director Dogs Trust, Paula Boyden
If you’re thinking about adopting a puppy its a good idea to know the history of the pug that you’re thinking of purchasing. Poor breeding practices are causing serious problems for Multiple Brachycephalic Breeds, such as pugs, which leads to life-threatening illnesses. Please avoid puppy mills if you want to get a healthy pet.
People often buy Pug pups because they find them so adorable. Pug puppies are but, they grow up. Pug dogs a good deal of attention and people who buy on impulse sometimes don’t realize this.
Responsible owners want to give their pug puppies the best affordable care. The cost of pet ownership includes a nutritional quality diet, vet bills, basic equipment and training costs. There are owners who don’t want or cannot live up to these responsibilities.
The Ins And Outs Of Pug Nosed Breeds
“Dogs die. But dogs live, too. Right up until they die, they live. They’re live brave, beautiful lives. They protect their families. They love us. And make our lives a little brighter. Dogs don’t waste time being afraid of tomorrow.” Dan Gemeinhart, The Honest Truth
9 Common Pug Health Problems
1. Ear Infections
Pug dogs often get ear infections. Owners, will need to clean their pug’s ears with an ear wash as part of their grooming routine.
The condition ” Otitis Externa” may infect pugs in one or both ears. Signs of an ear infection usually include discharge, redness, and an unpleasant smell emanating from the ears. Your pug might be shaking his/her head as though in pain. The dogs’ ear canal will be red, and swollen. there may be bleeding and a brown or black discharge.
Otitis Externa is a difficult disease to deal with. Antibiotics control it and will ease the pain.
2. Eye Injuries
His flat face really makes him/her a cutie, but it’s also what causes some Pug health problems. For one, the shape of his face and placement of his eyes causes the eyes to “stick out” which can cause them to become ulcerated if they touch his food bowl or anything else for that matter.
The number one eye disease associated with Pugs is “Pigmentitis Keratosis” where there will be a brown film forming in the corner of your dog’s eye. PK is easily diagnosed. You can be see it with the naked eye. When left untreated, this pigment will spread and cover the eye. Unfortunately the disease, once started, can never be eliminated but medication helps to control the spread.
Pugs are susceptible to Entropion. with this condition the dogs eyelashes grow in,causing the lid and the lashes to constantly rub the eye.
Look for lots of blinking, and chronic eye irritation.
Your pug may have problems seeing and sometimes they go blind.
3. Breathing Problems
The Pug has an elongated shaped soft palate. Pugs often have breathing problems – centuries of breeding have produced their squashed face, and what we call an over-long soft palate, restricting their nostrils and making it harder for them to breathe. The soft palate at the back of your throat but in a pug it can stick out longer than it should and constrict the airway.
This can cause Pug health problems like wheezing or funny breathing and can also cause them to cough up food and snore pretty loudly.
Luckily, this problem can be repaired with surgery.
A compact breathing passageway, leaves them acceptable to breathing issues because they can’t effectively regulate their temperatures by panting.
4. Reverse Sneezing
Pugs, like other breeds with short snouts, have elongated palates.
When pugs become excitable they may suffer a bout of “reverse sneezing” causing them to gasp and snort.The medical name is “pharyngeal gag reflex “and it’s when liquid or dirt gets trapped under the dogs palate causing irritation to limiting your dogs breathing.
This will not harm your pug. Massaging his/her throat area or covering the nostrils so that they breathe through the mouth will cut short a bout of sneezing.
5. Heat Stroke
Pugs often get heat stroke because of their thick skin. Watch out for signs of heat stroke particularly during summer.
Sure signs are rapid breathing, excessive thick saliva or dry mouth, vomiting and loss of balance. These together with fever (103 degrees Fahrenheit or 39 degrees Celsius and above) and a dark red tongue and gums need an immediate trip to your vet.
Pugs are very sensitive to climate, so taking them out in cold or hot weather is not advised. We know firsthand that it can be especially tough to motivate your pug to go outside in the winter months (or any time it’s raining, dark, hot, or they just don’t feel like it). It may be hard to even coax your pug out of bed for a bathroom break, but we think it makes our Judy appreciate her nice warm bed even more when she gets back inside.
6. Heart Failure
The squished face, short nose and tongue and heavy weight are all factors that could lead to a heart condition.
Paying close attention to early symptoms may save your pug. Look out for labored breathing, foaming mouth, white or pale gums, loss of appetite, increased heart rate, coughing, loud snoring or snorting. Slow or stilted movement, and fainting all point to the onset of a heart failure.
Bouts of epilepsy and seizure often occur in this breed. If your pet suffers from epilepsy, he or she can still live a long life with the proper medication. A vet can diagnose the disease and prescribe medication.
Pugs of all ages can suffer with epilepsy. The causes are unknown.
8. Pug Wrinkles
Pugs have lots of wrinkles on their face. Chinese Emperors referred to the wrinkles as lucky symbols long ago.
It’s important to gently clean the wrinkles with a tissue at least a week. If this is not done moisture and bacteria can get trapped and the area can become infected.
9. Skin Disorders
The majority of Pugs suffer from skin problems at some time in their lives as a result of a poor immune system, parasites, hormonal disorders or trauma.
One of the most common Pug health problems is “Pyoderma”, caused by a bacterial infection. The dog breaks out in small red bumps, pus-filled pimples and blood –filled blisters, or in a rash.The affected area becomes dry and crusty.This disease usually develops along the facial folds, lips, and between the toes. Cleansing the area with antiseptic soap sometimes controls the spread of this disease.
Antibiotics, hypoallergenic diets, medicated shampoos, and whirlpool baths also tend to help.
Pug puppies can get canine acne. These include small to medium-sized pimples on and around the chin area. Acne cleansing pads from the chemist will clean up the infected area and prevent new outbreaks.
Spaying And Neutering
As a responsible pet owner, unless you are either a dedicated breeder or plan to show the animal, you should have your pet altered.
Spaying your female Pug has several advantages.
1.0 The dog has a healthier life.
2.0 Spaying helps to prevent breast cancer.
3.0 Your female Pug no longer comes in heat every six months, dripping blood all over, and attracting male dogs.
4.0 It eliminates unwanted litters
5.0 It prevents ovarian cancer
6.0 It prevents Pyometra, Endometrites, and other uterine infections that can kill your Pug.
Neutering your male Pug is the most effective method of controlling the dog population.
1.0 The dog lives longer.
2.0 Male Pugs cannot get testicular cancer.
3.0 They have a far better chance of avoiding any prostate disease.
4.0 They are less aggressive toward other male dogs. They do not get into fights.
5.0 Your Pug is more affectionate.
6.0 You eliminate inappropriate sexual conduct such as mounting
7.0 It eliminates the male’s need to mark its territory by spraying urine all over.
If you have any of these Pug health problems you should contact your veterinarian and arrange for an appointment…Your veterinarian is the one and only person you should rely upon for the health and care of your Pug.
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“Such short little lives our pets have to spend with us, and they spend most of it waiting for us to come home each day. It is amazing how much love and laughter they bring into our lives and even how much closer we become with each other because of them.” John Grogan, Marley and Me: Life and Love With the World’s Worst Dog